Governor General Invests 49 Recipients into the Order of Canada

OTTAWA—His Excellency the Right Honourable David Johnston, Governor General of Canada, presided over an Order of Canada investiture ceremony at Rideau Hall, on Friday, September 12, 2014. The Governor General, who is chancellor and Principal Companion of the Order, bestowed the honour on 4 Companions, 14 Officers and 31 Members.

The Order of Canada was created in 1967, during Canada’s centennial year, to recognize outstanding achievement, dedication to the community and service to the nation. Since its creation, more than 6 000 people from all sectors of society have been invested into the Order.

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Richard L. Cruess, C.C., O.Q.
Montréal, Quebec

Richard Cruess has transformed the medical profession, its teaching and its practice. A core member of the McGill University Centre for Medical Education, he is a world leader in the field of medical professionalism, teaching and measuring the values of accountability, service and competence in providing patient care. Also the co-author of a seminal text on the subject, he has worked tirelessly to advance this subject, which is now taught in most schools around the world. His exceptional contributions and body of work have earned him the esteem of the international medical community and transformed health care both here and abroad.

This is a promotion within the Order.

The Honourable Marie Deschamps, C.C.
Montréal, Quebec

Marie Deschamps has played an important role in the development of law in Canada. Rising quickly through the ranks of the judiciary, she has sat on the Superior Court and the Court of Appeal of Quebec, distinguishing herself through her extensive knowledge, her compassion and her meticulous case research. She also gained distinction at the Supreme Court of Canada, where she rendered judgments that marked the evolution of bankruptcy and insolvency law, and corporate law. In addition, she spent much of her career training young lawyers, notably at the Université de Sherbrooke and the Université de Montréal, and has encouraged women to carve out a greater place for themselves within the profession.

Yannick Nézet-Séguin, C.C.
Montréal, Quebec

Yannick Nézet-Séguin is one of the most sought-after conductors in the world. He is the artistic director and principal conductor of the Orchestre Métropolitain de Montréal, music director of the Rotterdam Philharmonic Orchestra, music director designate of the Philadelphia Orchestra, and principal guest conductor of the London Philharmonic Orchestra. His talent has led him to conduct numerous other leading symphony orchestras worldwide. He is also highly acclaimed in opera circles, and the prestigious La Scala di Milano and New York Metropolitan Opera have welcomed him to the podium. Lauded for his clear and strong direction, he is also renowned for his charisma, daring, and uncomplicated manner.

R. Murray Schafer, C.C.
Indian River, Ontario

Murray Schafer is widely regarded as one of the most important Canadian composers of the 20th century. With his singular voice and stunning creativity, he is renowned for infusing his choral, orchestral, chamber music and opera pieces with a distinctly Canadian spirit. His global impact is also reflected in his pioneering writings on acoustic ecology, which studies the relationships between people, sound and the environment. As founder of the World Soundscape Project at Simon Fraser University, he has encouraged academics and musicians to record and preserve the sonic environment of the planet. He remains one of the few Canadian composers to enjoy an international following.


Anthony Belcourt, O.C.
Ottawa, Ontario

Tony Belcourt has helped to give a voice to Canada’s Métis community. A respected leader and advocate, he has worked tirelessly to remove barriers faced by Indigenous peoples. Co-founder and first president of the Native Council of Canada, he contributed to the Métis being officially recognized as one of Canada’s Aboriginal peoples. He was the founding president of the Métis Nation of Ontario, and helped to further the education of Métis Ontarians by establishing endowment funds for Métis students in over 30 Ontario colleges and universities.

Dempsey Bob, O.C.
Terrace, British Columbia

Dempsey Bob is one of the foremost Tahltan-Tlingit artists of his generation. An internationally renowned master carver, he has produced a widely exhibited body of work, which is inspired by his rich heritage. He has built cross-cultural art partnerships with other Indigenous peoples, notably the Maori of New Zealand. He has also shared his cultural and artistic knowledge as a founding member of the Freda Diesing School of Northwest Coast Art, where he continues to teach the next generation of master carvers.

Robert Bringhurst, O.C.
Heriot Bay, British Columbia

Revered poet Robert Bringhurst is a renaissance man, known for his work as a linguist, cultural historian and typographer. He has enriched our literary canon with his distinctive poetry, which has been described as lyrical and sophisticated. His translations of works dictated by the Haida oral poets Skaay, Ghandl and Kilxhawgins have helped to preserve the culture and language of our First Nations. He has also influenced the design of publications the world over with his book The Elements of Typographic Style, considered a classic in the field.

The Honourable Alexander B. Campbell, P.C., O.C., O.P.E.I.
Stanley Bridge, Prince Edward Island

Alexander Campbell is one of Prince Edward Island’s most transformational leaders. As the province’s longest-serving premier, he introduced many modernizing initiatives, which included creating the University of Prince Edward Island, introducing an economic development plan to modernize institutions and services, and implementing measures to promote renewable energy sources. After leaving politics, he was appointed as a judge on the provincial Supreme Court, and later, took on volunteer roles in the heritage and cultural sectors.

J. Edward Chamberlin, O.C.
Halfmoon Bay, British Columbia

Edward Chamberlin’s passion for the songs and stories of Indigenous peoples has brought him international renown as a champion of language and culture. University professor emeritus of English and comparative literature at the University of Toronto, he has worked to give credence to oral history in the settlement of land claims in Canada and around the world. Committed to protecting the identity of cultural groups, he was also instrumental in the establishment of new areas of study, including the university’s Aboriginal Studies program and courses in Caribbean literature.

John Daniel, O.C.
Vancouver, British Columbia

John Daniel is a champion of open and distance education in Canada and abroad. Committed to improving access to education, he has provided vision and leadership to several institutions, notably as president of Laurentian University and The Open University in the United Kingdom, and through UNESCO and the Commonwealth of Learning. He has encouraged the use of technology and partnerships to expand learning opportunities, giving the prospect of high-quality post-secondary education to people around the world.

Nigel Fisher, O.C., O.Ont., M.S.C.
Salt Spring Island, British Columbia

Nigel Fisher personifies a caring society. For over three decades, during some of the world’s worst conflicts and disasters, he has worked to protect and improve the lives of civilians—children above all. He has led humanitarian operations in Iraq and Afghanistan; in Rwanda, following the genocide; and in Haiti, following the earthquake in 2010. Equally committed to the well-being of our nation’s children, he has served as president and CEO of UNICEF Canada. He later led the United Nations Stabilization Mission in Haiti and continues to make important contributions to humanitarian efforts.

Paul-André Fortier, O.C.
Montréal, Quebec

Paul-André Fortier is a pioneer in modern dance. He is renowned for his innovative works as a choreographer, as well as for his unflinching desire to defy convention and for his qualities as a dancer. Artistic director of his own company for the past three decades, he believes in the poetry of the aging body, and continues to create and perform around the world. An active member of the dance community, he has long been involved in training young artists here in Canada and abroad. Many up-and-coming dancers consider him a role model and mentor.

Margie Gillis, O.C., C.Q.
Montréal, Quebec

One of Canada’s most distinguished modern dancers and choreographers, Margie Gillis continues to move audiences around the globe with her passionate performances. Her impressive body of work includes group pieces and over 150 signature solo dances. She is sought after for her ability to apply dance movement to a broad range of disciplines, such as education and justice. She also created and delivers a unique workshop that incorporates the art of movement into the process of conflict resolution.

This is a promotion within the Order.

John H. McArthur, O.C.
Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America and Burnaby, British Columbia

John McArthur is credited with helping to invent the modern business school. As dean of the Harvard Business School for 15 years, he expanded theoretical research, developed multidisciplinary approaches and introduced important new fields of study to the business program. Known for his expertise and consensus-building skill, he has been a trusted adviser to the Canadian government on issues relating to banking, telecommunications and energy. He is also a sought-after consultant in the public and private sectors, and currently serves as chair of the Asia Pacific Foundation of Canada.

David Edward Smith, O.C.
Regina, Saskatchewan and Niagara-on-the-Lake, Ontario

David Smith has contributed to the public understanding of our political system. Professor emeritus at the University of Saskatchewan, a senior policy fellow at the University of Regina, and a distinguished visiting professor at Ryerson University, he is one of Canada’s leading authorities on constitutional governance and has written prolifically on Canada’s parliamentary system. With a deeply rooted sense of place, his early work on Saskatchewan’s governance and prairie populism are considered classics in the field.

Peter Tugwell, O.C.
Ottawa, Ontario

Peter Tugwell has been a tireless contributor to global health. A professor at the University of Ottawa, he has directed international initiatives to ensure that the medical treatments prescribed in his specialty of rheumatology are based on the latest evidence. He guided the development of a database of clinical trials and outcomes for arthritis and rheumatic diseases, which has improved patient care around the world. Now, as a Canada Research Chair and director of the University of Ottawa’s Centre for Global Health, he works to improve access to medical advances among disadvantaged groups.

The Most Reverend V. James Weisgerber, O.C., S.O.M.
Winnipeg, Manitoba

James Weisgerber is a champion of social change and justice. Since being ordained as a priest 50 years ago, he has served numerous prairie communities and parishes, most recently as the archbishop of Winnipeg. He is best known for his instrumental role in helping reconcile residential school survivors with the church, notably for arranging a historic meeting between them and Pope Benedict XVI, in 2009. His ongoing efforts to build a brighter future for Aboriginal communities led to his symbolic adoption as a brother by Anishinabe Elders.

Salim Yusuf, O.C.
Hamilton, Ontario

Salim Yusuf has reduced mortality among people with heart disorders around the world. This cardiologist is the vice-president of research at Hamilton Health Sciences, and the founder of the Population Health Research Institute at Hamilton Health Sciences and McMaster University. His scientific studies have established the efficacy of various treatments for cardiovascular problems and helped set the standard of care in the field. Notably, his research identifying nine modifiable risk factors for heart attacks and strokes is internationally recognized as a basis for substantially reducing these conditions.


Murray Angus, C.M.
Ottawa, Ontario

Murray Angus has dedicated himself to improving relations between Native and non-Native Canadians. As a consultant and grassroots activist, he has worked to increase awareness of Canada’s Native people and respect for their traditions. He has also played a vital role in empowering Inuit youth as the founder of Nunavut Sivuniksavut. This unique college program brings students to Ottawa to experience life in southern Canada and to study Inuit history and land claims. It also helps them to enhance their Inuktitut and cultural skills, which have been in decline in recent generations. He maintains an integral role in all aspects of the program and is a cherished mentor for students.

Rina Arseneault, C.M.
Fredericton, New Brunswick

Rina Arseneault is a passionate voice against family violence. As the associate director of the Muriel McQueen Fergusson Centre for Family Violence Research at the University of New Brunswick, she has been involved in research, activism and education. For decades, she has collaborated with front-line workers, community organizations, governments and academia to advance a community-based approach to reduce the incidence and impact of family violence and violence against women. She has also shared her leadership and expertise with such organizations as Femmes Équité Atlantique, HIV/AIDS New Brunswick and the New Brunswick Association of Social Workers.

Gaston Bellemare, C.M., O.Q.
Trois-Rivières, Quebec

For over four decades, Gaston Bellemare has been passionately dedicated to advancing and promoting poetry. Co-founder and former president of Les Écrits des Forges, he helped to transform this publishing house into the largest publisher of French poetry in Canada. He also established and currently serves as president of the Trois-Rivières International Poetry Festival, and founded the Fédération des festivals internationaux de poésie. Moreover, through his volunteerism and leadership within a number of organizations, he is shaping Quebec’s literary and cultural landscape.

Shirley Blumberg, C.M.
Toronto, Ontario

Shirley Blumberg has created architectural spaces that cultivate a strong sense of community. A co-founder of KPMB Architects, she has brought to fruition a wide range of cultural, heritage, academic and social housing projects. Her creativity, bolstered by experience, has earned her accolades for such projects as the Gardiner Museum and the Centre for International Governance Innovation (CIGI). She has supported and mentored the next generation of architects, and is an inspiration to women who aspire to leadership in the profession.

James W. Borcoman, C.M.
Ottawa, Ontario

James Borcoman is a pioneer of Canadian photography. Curator of photographs at the National Gallery of Canada for more than 25 years, he played a visionary role in the establishment of the museum’s collection of contemporary and historical photographs. His stewardship of the exhibition program, combined with his many publications, have contributed greatly to the field and have advanced photography as an art form. In addition, he helped launch the careers of many talented Canadian photographers.

Michael J. Brown, C.M.
Vancouver, British Columbia

Michael Brown is a catalyst of technology development in Western Canada. Over a 40-year period as founder of Ventures West Capital and Chrysalix Energy, he has gained a reputation as a builder of Canadian companies. He has encouraged early-stage investment in innovative companies in fields ranging from space engineering to wireless digital data and fuel cells. Recently, his leadership has had a particular impact on the field of alternative energy, where he has supported industries at the vanguard of environmentally sustainable technology.

Carmen Campagne, C.M.
Sainte-Anne, Manitoba and Willow Bunch, Saskatchewan

As a songwriter, composer and performer, Carmen Campagne is adored by youngsters throughout French Canada. Through her own compositions and traditional folk songs, she encourages Francophone youth to discover their heritage, and helps young Anglophones to learn French. She is renowned for her energy and dynamism, winning over young people and parents alike with her albums, DVDs and live performances, where children are invited to dance and sing along. She is also greatly respected by her peers and by educators for her contributions to the vitality of Francophone culture in Canada.

Paul G. S. Cantor, C.M.
Toronto, Ontario

Paul Cantor is a lawyer who has served in the private, public and not-for-profit sectors, leaving his mark on countless Canadian institutions. Under his chairmanship, Canada’s Public Sector Pension Investment Board evolved into a world leader in investment management. Similarly, since the 1960s, he has steadfastly shaped the development of a number of our post-secondary institutions. He has also helped to strengthen the financial sector in the developing world as the first executive director of the Toronto International Leadership Centre. Respected as an exemplary corporate leader, he has created a legacy of integrity and civic engagement.

Stephen Carpenter, C.M.
Conestogo, Ontario

Stephen Carpenter has fronted Canada’s green construction movement almost since its inception. He founded his consulting firm, Enermodal Engineering, in 1980, when its mandate of creating environmentally sustainable buildings was virtually unprecedented. He has since become one of the Canada Green Building Council’s most dedicated members, designing some of the country’s most energy-efficient buildings. His exemplary leadership within Canada’s construction industry has given currency to many important environmentally friendly practices.

Paul J. J. Cavalluzzo, C.M., O.Ont.
Toronto, Ontario

Paul Cavalluzzo has worked tirelessly to protect the fundamental rights and freedoms of Canadians. As lead counsel on the Arar and Walkerton inquiries, he helped to develop recommendations on national security and on the future safety of our drinking water. Also a noted labour lawyer, he championed the rights of farm workers in Ontario, helping them to secure first-time coverage under the province’s Occupational Health and Safety Act. A role model in his profession, he shares his knowledge as a lecturer to law students and lawyers across Canada.

Denise Clarke, C.M.
Calgary, Alberta

Contemporary dance and theatre have flourished in Alberta thanks to the imagination and innovation of Denise Clarke. As a choreographer, actor and director with the One Yellow Rabbit Theatre Company, she is renowned for her dynamic performances and athletic choreography. Her original productions often feature a combination of dance, theatre and drama, and have challenged audiences for decades. Committed to developing the next generation of artists, she gives master classes and university lectures, and leads the One Yellow Rabbit Summer Lab Intensive.

The Honorable W. Yvon Dumont, C.M., O.M.
Winnipeg, Manitoba

Yvon Dumont has long contributed to the advancement of Aboriginal rights and of the Métis in particular. The former head of both the Manitoba Metis Federation and the Métis National Council, he worked to have the Métis people recognized as a distinct Indigenous population, and won official recognition for Louis Riel as the founding father of Manitoba. As the first Métis person to be appointed lieutenant governor, he has encouraged closer ties between his people and non-Native communities.

Paul Gobeil, C.M.
Montréal, Quebec

People turn to Paul Gobeil for advice, so respected is he for his talents as an administrator and for his community involvement. He has held senior-level positions within various businesses, notably in the food industry sector, and is often approached to sit on the administrative boards of large-scale organizations, including the National Bank of Canada. In addition to being a mentor to and “angel investor” for young entrepreneurs in his home region of the Eastern Townships, he has long distinguished himself by his dedication and generosity toward numerous institutions, including the Université de Sherbrooke.

Morley Hanson, C.M.
Chelsea, Quebec

Morley Hanson is committed to empowering young people. An innovative educator, he has helped develop programs for Katimavik, a community-building youth initiative, as well as for young offenders in rural Saskatchewan. A former teacher in Aboriginal communities, he has since served as the coordinator of Nunavut Sivuniksavut, a unique college program that brings Inuit youth to Ottawa to learn about their history and politics, while developing valuable life and employment skills. His efforts have helped to shape Nunavut’s future leaders.

Robert J. Harding, C.M.
Toronto, Ontario

Robert Harding’s financial acumen has been a boon to his community. A businessman, philanthropist and volunteer, he guided one of Canada’s largest financial corporations for more than 20 years, and has been the driving force behind a number of community endeavours. He has also chaired several boards of governors in public institutions, notably the Hospital for Sick Children, the United Way of Toronto, and the University of Waterloo, which have all benefited from his leadership and generosity.

Mary E. Hofstetter, C.M.
Stratford, Ontario and Banff, Alberta

Mary Hofstetter is a visionary arts administrator highly regarded for her leadership of the Banff Centre. Under her guidance, the centre’s programming and facilities were expanded to include multidisciplinary programming, such as Aboriginal leadership, mathematics and mountain culture. She also established partnerships with cultural organizations across the country to broaden the centre’s reach. The Canadian Arts Summit, the Stratford Festival, the Shaw Festival and Sheridan College, among others, have also benefited from her time and talents.

Antony Holland, C.M.
Gabriola Island, British Columbia

Antony Holland has dedicated his life to theatre. Following his London stage debut in 1939, he served with the British Army in Egypt during the Second World War, where he was soon called upon to entertain troops throughout the Middle East. He later came to Canada, where he pioneered theatre rehabilitation programs for prison inmates in British Columbia, all while performing on stage, in movies and on television. Artistic director emeritus of Vancouver’s Studio 58, he shaped the program’s direction and growth, establishing it as one of Canada’s most sought-after theatre schools.

The Honourable James Knatchbull Hugessen, C.M.
Almonte, Ontario

James Hugessen’s integrity, insight and dedication made him an exemplary member of the Canadian judiciary. A judge who sat on both the Quebec Superior Court and the Federal Court of Appeal, he was also the first Canadian to serve as vice-president of the International Labour Organization’s highest administrative tribunal. When he lost his sight to macular degeneration in the late 1990s, he chose to stay on the Federal Court bench as a trial and case management judge for the remainder of his 36-year career—an inspiration to many Canadians contending with vision loss. He has since established a fellowship in disability law at McGill University.

Danielle Juteau, C.M.
Montréal, Quebec

Danielle Juteau is one of our greatest sociologists. Professor emeritus at the Université de Montréal, she pioneered teaching and research on gender relations, and played a key role in founding the field of ethnic studies in Quebec. She is notably the co-founder of the Centre d’études ethniques des universités montréalaises, which she also directed, and held the Chair in Ethnic Relations. Working to develop theoretical and practical linkages, she furthered understanding of such contemporary issues as pluralist citizenship, nationalism and inclusion of immigrants, and the links between racism and sexism. She is also highly regarded as an exceptional teacher and mentor.

Jack Long, C.M.
Toronto, Ontario

Jack Long changed the face of Canada’s music business when he founded Long & McQuade in 1956. His original two-room retail store eventually spawned over 60 branches across the country, and his innovative in-house financing plans and instrument rental services established how Canadians access and procure musical instruments today. A professional musician as well as a businessman, he takes his customers’ and competitors’ interests into account. He also provides financial and in-kind support to more than 100 of Canada’s educational, charitable and musical organizations.

W. R. McPhee, C.M.
Calgary, Alberta

Bob McPhee is a driving force on Alberta’s arts scene. Recognized for his leadership in administration, he served as president and CEO of the Edmonton Symphony Orchestra and the Edmonton Concert Hall Foundation, presiding over the establishment of the Winspear Centre for Music. For the past 16 years, as general director and CEO of Calgary Opera, he has guided the organization to financial stability and to new heights in artistic achievement. He is also highly regarded for his commitment to education and outreach, as well as to the development of emerging artists, notably by showcasing new works of Canadian opera.

Djavad Mowafaghian, C.M., O.B.C.
Vancouver, British Columbia

Djavad Mowafaghian is creating a culture of kindness and giving. Raised in a modest household in Iran, he established a successful contracting company before immigrating to Canada. After nearly three decades in his adoptive country, he has become one of British Columbia’s long-standing benefactors, whose quiet generosity has helped to drive research, establish new medical infrastructure, and support local groups dedicated to education and the well-being of children.

James Armstrong Munro, C.M.
Victoria, British Columbia

Jim Munro’s championship of our authors and poets has made him an icon on Canada’s literary scene. He opened his bookstore, Munro’s Books, in 1963—during an era when major retailers were dismissive of Canadian writers—and buttressed the careers of some this country’s foremost literary figures. He thus played a crucial part in advancing the legacy of Canadian literature and continues to encourage Canada’s aspiring writers today. A fixture on Victoria’s business scene, he is known for his commitment to heritage restoration, his promotion of classical music, and his devotion to his employees and to the larger community.

Kari Polanyi Levitt, C.M.
Outremont, Quebec

Kari Polanyi Levitt helped establish international development as a field of academic study in Canada. A professor of economics at McGill University since the early 1960s, she was also a founding member of the Canadian Association for the Study of International Development. Her analysis of the expansion of multinational corporations in Canada sparked widespread debate among experts in the field of economics, and her extensive knowledge of the economic systems of Caribbean countries has made her a sought-after adviser to national governments and development organizations.

Léa Pool, C.M.
Montréal, Quebec

Léa Pool is known in equal measure for her abilities to write, produce and direct. Her engaged films often feature strong female characters in varied and unique universes. Of note, she directed the feature film La Femme de l’hôtel, considered a pivotal film by female and feminist audiences. She has also directed several documentaries, including Pink Ribbons Inc., and has helped shape the future of cinematography by sharing her knowledge and passion for film directing with students at the Université du Québec à Montréal.

Mamdouh Shoukri, C.M., O.Ont.
Toronto, Ontario

Mamdouh Shoukri has helped place Ontario’s post-secondary institutions at the forefront of innovation. A mechanical engineer and academic, he contributed to the growth and development of McMaster University’s research infrastructure as dean of engineering and vice-president of research and international affairs. Now, as the president of York University, he has raised the school’s profile and cultivated innovation on campus, notably through the creation of a leading-edge engineering school. His leadership has also benefited the Ontario Centres of Excellence and Cancer Care Ontario.

Eric S. Sprott, C.M.
Toronto, Ontario

Eric Sprott’s remarkable generosity knows no bounds. After achieving much success as one of Canada’s leading asset managers, he established a family foundation that supports a multitude of local, national and international causes. Many important institutions have flourished thanks to his endowments, including the University Health Network’s Department of Surgery, and the Centre for Stem Cell Research at the Ottawa Hospital Research Institute. He has also funded bursaries for thousands of students at Carleton University and has helped to fuel its School of Business, which bears his name.

Jacques Tanguay, C.M.
Breakeyville, Quebec

Jacques Tanguay is a businessman who has devoted his talents to serving his community. As the vice-president and CEO of Ameublements Tanguay, he has a long and extensive history of philanthropic activities. He has also set up sports events and teams that have become models of success that have helped put the City of Québec on the map. He was instrumental in the establishment and success of the famous Rouge et Or university football team. He also helped to revitalize the Remparts de Québec major junior hockey team, encouraging its players to pursue their studies and get involved in the community.

Tom Traves, C.M.
Halifax, Nova Scotia

Tom Traves has made important contributions to post-secondary education in Atlantic Canada. His presidency of Dalhousie University was transformational for the institution, guiding its development as a key player in Nova Scotia’s academic and community sectors. He oversaw a record growth in students and faculty, a large increase in research funding, and the creation of an office to commercialize intellectual property. He is also highly regarded for building stronger networks between Dalhousie, its students and the residents of Halifax, and for his leadership of local arts and business organizations.

Laure Waridel, C.M.
Frelishburg, Quebec

An eco-sociologist, activist and author, Laure Waridel is an incredible agent of change and role model for young people. She co-founded and chaired Equiterre, a non-profit organization promoting socially and ecologically responsible economic choices, and helped to build its reputation. A pioneer, she has raised awareness in Quebec about fair trade and eco-friendly food and has published several works on the topic, including Une cause café and L’Envers de l’assiette. She has also been recognized for her ability to distill complex issues into readily understandable terms and has used various fora, here and abroad, to inform others about responsible consumption.

William Robert Waters, C.M.
Toronto, Ontario

William Waters’ life is a testament to the transformative powers of education. A Children’s Aid Society ward who was adopted by a single mother, he overcame economic hurdles to become both a successful businessman and professor emeritus of economics and finance at the University of Toronto. For many years now, his substantial contributions to access-to-education programs at Toronto universities and colleges have made higher learning possible for students whom financial pressures might otherwise overwhelm. An ardent patron of the arts, he has also funded music festivals and individual performers alike.


Established in 1967 by Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II, the Order of Canada is the cornerstone of the Canadian Honours System, and recognizes outstanding achievement, dedication to the community and service to the nation. The Order recognizes people in all sectors of Canadian society. Their contributions are varied, yet they have all enriched the lives of others and made a difference to this country.

Motto and Levels

The Order of Canada’s motto is DESIDERANTES MELIOREM PATRIAM(They desire a better country). Her Majesty The Queen is the Sovereign of the Order, and the governor general is the chancellor and Principal Companion of the Order.

Companion – Post-nominal: C.C.

recognizes national pre-eminence or international service or achievement;

Officer – Post-nominal: O.C.

recognizes national service or achievement; and

Member – Post-nominal: C.M.

recognizes outstanding contributions at the local or regional level or in a special field of activity.

Insignia Description

The insignia of the Order is a stylized snowflake of six points, with a red annulus at its centre, which bears a stylized maple leaf circumscribed with the motto of the Order, DESIDERANTES MELIOREM PATRIAM(They desire a better country), surmounted by St. Edward’s Crown.


All Canadians are eligible for the Order of Canada, with the exception of federal and provincial politicians and judges while in office. The Order’s constitution permits non-Canadians to be considered for honorary appointments. Members of the Royal Family, governors general and their spouses are appointed in the extraordinary category. There are no posthumous appointments.

Officers and Members may be elevated within the Order in recognition of further achievement, based on continued exceptional or extraordinary service to Canada. Usually, promotions are considered five years after the first appointment.


Any person or group is welcome to nominate a deserving individual as a candidate for appointment to the Order of Canada. Appointments are made on the recommendations of the Advisory Council for the Order of Canada, an independent council chaired by the chief justice of Canada. Members of the Advisory Council on the Order of Canada reflect the diversity and excellence in Canadian society. Certain members are appointed by virtue of their office; others are appointed for a fixed term to achieve a balanced representation of the various regions of the country.

For more information about the Order of Canada or to nominate someone, visit our website at